Plant and Trees of the Everglades
The “River of Grass” was a book written by Marjory Stoneman Douglas in 1947 which gave the Everglades its nickname. The grass we see is called sawgrass and it is a sedge and not a grass at all, more like a weed that is known to be some of the oldest types of grass on the planet.
Different types of plants live in different habitats in the everglades for example we have prairies which are more of the grass water lilies and swamp willow pond apple, but pond apple can I’ve just about anywhere in the everglades except saltwater.
We have Hammocks or Pinelands which are areas of higher limestone and they tend to hold trees such as Mahogany, Cypress, Gumbo Limbo trees and various types of Oaks, give these hammocks a great shade canopy and will have different types of grass and weeds and an abundant of life living within.
One big reason for tree life in hammocks is the limestone rock gives roots of trees something to take hold of, and let water drain so it will not drown the roots.In the southern Everglades we more Mangrove mixed in with wild plants such as Red Mangroves that have stilt-like root, Black and white Mangroves that thrive in the brackish water of the everglades.
Mixed in the mangroves and cypress forest there are bromeliads and epiphytic orchids which there are 39 species of orchids combined with 750 different types of seed-bearing plants. In the Cypress trees we will find air plants and Spanish moss growing abundantly.
Also mixed in are Cacti so one would think that they are only in deserts but they are quite common in the Evergladesthey live in tropical and subtropical environments and there are up to 16 different varieties of cactus. Simpson’s cactus is an endangered species wiped out by hurricanes in the 2002. There is shoreline cactus which lives on limestone rock again which drains the water and is crucial for the life of cactus.